Among 14 000 pagodas, sanctuaries, ancient towers… built in the early 11th to the 13th century in Bagan, the Shwezigon Pagoda is one of the most famous and important religious architecture.
The mysteries of this pagoda in Bagan are always a big challenge for all scientists until today and millions of travelers have to shake head to express admiration. Did you know that, whether the morning, afternoon, the giant shade of Shwezigon exceeds never the surrounding walls?
The construction of the Shwezigon Pagoda was started during the reign of King Anawrahta, the founder of the kingdom of Bagan. King Anawrahta built this pagoda to enshrine the relics of the Buddha, including a copy of the sacred tooth relic in Kandy, Sri Lanka. The Shwezigon Pagoda’s construction was completed in 1102 during the reign of King Kyansittha.
Shwezigon is the first golden pagoda built in Myanmar as well as a typical prototype for the later temples. It is considered as the second largest gold pagodas in this country.
While travel in Myanmar, you will have occasion to discover this unique pagoda which is located in the center of a large area, surrounded by many pagodas and other temples. Shwezigon is a magnificent pagoda – tower like the famous Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon. The bell-shaped stupa is gilded and set on a square base which looks very solid and perfectly symmetrical. Under the tower, a lot of small bells are suspended. There are 4 stairs leading up the tower…
The earthquake in 1975 in Bagan caused many damages to the tower and the top of the dome. However, with the contribution of local people and foreign travelers, the temple was well renovated. The entire structure of the temple was gilded again but the lower part of the tower and the terrace retain the basic structure as the original built in the 11th century.
Despite the billowing wind, countless pieces of paper falling from the top of the gold tower never fly over the other side of wall. It is really an invisible line separating Shwezigon to the banal outside world.
All travelers coming to Bagan during travel Myanmar have to admit: even though the big number of visitors, but this is always calm, peaceful, serein, Zen…while being inside 4 walls.
Not only that, in the festivals celebrated here, people discover that: standing on this side of the temple, we cannot hear any sound from the other side, including the noise of drums. Even rains lasting for week can not leave any water drop on each little corner in its courtyard…
You will be dazzled by bright yellow dominating the blue sky. Shwezigon is really a magnificent structure. Many travelers come here to admire a panoramic view on Bagan from height of 40 meters of the Shwezigon Pagoda. In the sunset, numerous roofs of temples, pagodas, shrines… undulating seem to be endless in the last rays of sun…
If you intend to travel in Myanmar, the Shwezigon Pagoda in Bagan is certainly a must see destination.